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tv   [untitled]    October 23, 2010 11:30pm-12:00am EDT

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friends of mr. while he has to fill some election promises he was from iraq and transferred them to afghanistan can america succeed in afghanistan. of course is what are you talking about in this sense america is no different from the soviet union or the british empire winning a military victory in afghanistan is impossible in my opinion what's worrying is that i haven't seen a clear political goal that the us is trying to achieve in afghanistan implementing the so-called democratic regime is impossible the afghan government has always been in charge of kabul only and nothing more heads of different tribes have been controlling everything else the common board of elders and chiefs of tribes has been managing all major events of the country what kind of government can be there what do they want let them appoint karzai who will sit in kabul and do his talking there i cannot see any goals except for one thing. bush began his military operation in kabul to punish the taliban so he did and they left kabul but they
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still remain in control of the country moreover their attempts of doing something to them triggered the war of the pakistan taliban against their army and pakistan happened to be the battle zone and this rings the bell as pakistan is a nuclear country the war was escalated which didn't mean anything good. bridge american isn't interested in the subtle details he's interested in the state of economy in business and in unemployment and this is where obama hasn't really succeeded. thank you very much for this.
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is the headline. color of the truth of the iraq war veiled by a whistle blowing web site we can make bush has published four hundred thousand secret american files if the largest ever release of u.s. documents. a wintel discontentedly was in europe as french demonstrators protesting the president. raising the age of retirement to six to. spending. republic of dagestan kills one policeman on injures at least twelve people the blast went off at a checkpoint as that target attempted to drive his car into
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a police station. up next we'll take you to alaska and the story of how it became part of the united states after being sold by russians that's coming out right here on out c. once it was a part of russian territory there are still reminders to this day children wearing russian national costumes people having russian names and many orthodox churches are standing here but more than one hundred forty years ago it became the u.s. territory though some americans still don't know about. the scope of alaska i have no idea about that stuff like nothing i don't know anything about that alaska is cold. it was cold a box of ice a polar bear garden and wall russia but in the language of the indigenous peoples the word alaska means the great land.
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sven haakanson is steering his boat out of the narrow bay of kodiak island his ancestors have lived here since time immemorial. over the thousands of years they to solve this seascape each time they put out to sea to hunt. but they use mineral canoes with a couple of paddles instead of comfortable motor boats with powerful engines in the past yes it was very very difficult to hunt as an individual you need to group in order to. actually capture for example you look at the sea lions over here in order for you to hunt one of those in the several people. on a summer day and seven hundred forty one scores of natives of the land set out on a hunting expedition in canaries they spotted odd looking ships on the horizon.
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those big sail boats belonged to an expedition led by a russian explorers bearing and cherokee. that was how kodiak island made its appearance on russian maps the first colonists were. forty years later seventeen eighty four. was the. streets serve as a reminder of. the names of russian travelers and merchants. there. who are all founded to. tell us where we first russian permanent settlement in alaska and then there's. son in law. named after nikolai. who are was representing the
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government of russia and also the american company. the russian american company was founded in seventeen. primarily with the hunting and. was used. to russia and china this. pill has the think for any animal the most furs per square inch this is the animal itself the sea otter this animal was what caused the fur gold rush to alaska. he organized an expedition to retrace the steps of his fellow countrymen.
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the first ever european. contact with the people. welcome to warmly just as their ancestors welcomes agustin two hundred fifty years ago their homes may have changed a lot but their attitude to russians remains the same. shit over clearly will welcome the east into places that it once served as bases as a ghost can expose. russians many of the local people said they had russian. when the russians came to the lives of the indigenous people changed. many of them began to work for the russian american company jobs involved hunting for sea otters fishing and taking part in the building of new settlements russian priests and
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monks visited alaska and baptized of the locals into the orthodox faith russian men married local girls. russian men had local women and their children were called creole. some creoles were well educated. in the russian capital to ship as well as in the colonial administration . committed. to. surrender how concerned lives a life entirely different from his ancestors to him putting out to sea is more like fun than work. proud of his traditional bathhouse he sees it as a symbol of successive generations and imbedded russian traditions. when the russians came. the thing that is similar are the rocks and the heat and steaming the washing inside the vanya and that's something that we've been doing for
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centuries and it's a tradition where they now have a wooden house which is a russian vanya which just adapted to it i mean i grew up taking one yes for bass. svend cs tell in the history of. people as a mission he cheery it's a museum which is one of the principal tourist attractions of kodiak island when few tourists visited during low season local people come here to when the russians actually took over our claimed alaska for russia speed you don't see one of sens friends together with his family is listening to his story although his name is of russian origin he doesn't know a single word of the language spoken on the other side of the bering strait nor does he know much about where his last name comes from. my mom told me. they were taken people often are drawn through there. and they couldn't say are.
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russian. speaking don't see me and doesn't need to speak russian all services in the orthodox church in kodiak city are held in english. her. father in a county was born in new england a place that is far away from here he has no russian roots nevertheless he decided to serve as an orthodox priest in alaska but it was a long story. it's a story of growing up in a christian church protestant church but always running and seeking out for face for experiences and finding that an orthodoxy as a young man and eventually answering
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a call into the priesthoods of. the church were father in the county sears stands with the first church in the new world used to be alaska is still predominantly orthodox us state. russians and and the priest said then came didn't force us to not speak our language they didn't force us to not follow our traditional ways of living we did you know stop practicing our all the religious practices but pretty much everything else stayed the same hunting language but then in doing the american period. american archaeologist david mcmahon is exploring the remains of russian legacy. these are. they would have been used by. employees of the russian american company. for this is one of the most important finds of his career some of the
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objects were found at the site of the first russian others on the ocean floor so. this is. ship's frames this together with. david raised a many remains of the russian ship kodiak from the depths of the ocean. to the russian american company near the shores of island in eight hundred sixty. eight was very lucrative because the gold miners in california needed for their drinks so even if. they would still make a good profit the ship was leaving and it hit a rock everyone got off the ship but because of the board the ship stayed afloat for several days before finally sank. twenty five meters deep to explore the remains of the ship the kodiak was one of
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a dozen ships keeping the lines of communication with. similar ships regularly sailed the length of the north pacific many as a symbol the russian american company was in dire straits. at the beginning of the eight hundred sixty s. the company reached the edge of bankruptcy that caused a debate on whether alaska could be sold the vast territory was inhabited by eight hundred. russian needed to defend it. those factors led to a serious discussion about a potential sale they were held in an atmosphere of secrecy laws only a handful of fishel sort of knew about them but the league. america was not particularly keen on buying the faraway territory a russian envoy to washington eduardo steckel was told to do his best to convince
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the u.s. government that it would gain more miss benefits by acquiring alaska. steckel had the support of u.s. state secretary william seward who was in favor of the u.s. territorial expansion. finally in one thousand nine hundred eighty seven after lengthy negotiations alaska was sold to the united states for the price of seven point two million dollars. on october the eighteenth eight hundred sixty seven the russian flag was lowered in the former alaskan capital of sitka. its stand america's colors were raised. today happy alaska day is one of the major holidays of the forty ninth state. during the bright showed the residents of citgo reenact the procedure of handing over the flag from russians to americans. in eight hundred sixty seven at the ceremony for placing the russian colony under
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u.s. control was much more modest. the american government was weary of accusations that they had wasted a lot of money headlines and splashed across the newspapers scoffed at the purchase describing it as nothing more than a box of ice. rumor even had as that of the seven point two million dollars paid some two hundred thousand was given to senators in the form of kickbacks. but opinion but it being at the deliberate steps were taken of. swaying some sentences.
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in the pacific.
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most. has lived. here. a few english words. doesn't speak russian my grandfather passed away a couple of decades ago and my grandmother. passed away soon after that just
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some distance from here my father and most of my relatives and one day. too. right after the peninsula was sold to the americans the village was built on the sea shore all of the employees of the russian american company who refused to move to russia had been banished here by the u.s. government one of the older buildings is right down below us doesn't have a window in it and is built in the old log dovetail design with the dovetail corners there are several other buildings that are throughout here including sheds that were used for fishing the older ones were built as as old as the late eighteenth hundreds all the residents of new chick are related to each other one way or another they are the houses irene she died in one thousand nine hundred five one of the most successful people born in india is laurent lehman who is a distant relative of gary. four years ago he was the lieutenant governor of alaska
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. he is only passing through today and has decided to stay with his uncle and aunt their ancestors were russians and they still use russian words in their everyday lexicon. was married were you ever to. a few hours later he will visit his father at a nursing home in the town of sold. your interview to i tell him i tell my father that everything. oh no you do that if it. doesn't see that russian heritage simply as a distant episode in the history of his native state he remembers well that when he was a child far more people spoke russian than english. with my brother's russian heritage and we often joked about it when we get within about ten miles.
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we're doing what we call speaking then we start talking like my father telling some of the stories it is still a very. part of my heritage. more in overdrive around lunchtime he visits his father at the local nursing home he says a few phrases in russian. i'm with you it's nicko i. was there come to. nick lehman can't remember names and faces clearly last year he had a stroke. yes he. does believe. that's my son nick lehman's condition sometimes makes him imagine he's not it's old news nursing home but in the old settlement of. where everyone has a boat where christmas is celebrated in early january rather than in december and where people in nearly every home speak russian.
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to know there's. a group of. nick lehman is one of the few people here who still remember the russian era of the land its former legacy is gradually being forgotten much in the same way as old people's memories fade away i'd like to teach my children about their heritage and we've shared it. especially with our oldest child our son and i think the best way we can do it is to talk about it sure some of the stories maybe even some of the language i want them to understand are very rich cultural heritage is it makes me think. it. is one of the most popular teachers at high school. he used to teach english to russian children in the russian town of. course today he teaches russian in alaska none of the children in his class has
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a slavic name all of them are americans who have decided to learn the language that was once dominant in this part of the world. you're all in curing prion why all. this july you this thing that. i'm not. here yet. grigori sees himself as a representative of the new wave of russian settlers of alaska who makes himself at home the russian legacy is everywhere. because today there are at least about seven hundred. russian for example. then the presence of the churches here so you know the words. let's put it like this here in
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. the presence of the past. after. trying to stick to a lifestyle of siberia. people first came here in one thousand six to eight years this is the first house they have built yet away why they feel you're not young enough how do you choose an evil man for some reason trying to guess why there's no escape for you dressed to kill. is famous. and. particularly fond of her because she is the only always ready to talk to journalists. live in the settlement and they
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always prefer. the founders of. the soviet union to america to escape persecution. in alaska. trying to distance themselves from civilization much like they would. if initially it was a private. that the signs had been removed and now people can visit us they can talk to and meet. today it is even something of a tourist attraction the cafe run by. the most lucrative business in the settlement . this is mission. for three decades it never occurred to the old believers that someday americans might be among neighbors they tried to escape visiting other towns but now the
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american houses stay near the russian ones vacuously know matthew has five children he moved. seven years ago after buying one third of the local land and his american dream is slowly becoming a reality the land was. pretty good price the russians. russians the people that are here the orthodox. have a nice set of values. relations with matt but as the years ago by she becomes ever more apprehensive of the prospect of. losing its status as a russian enclave and turning into just another quiet settlement in alaska. children in the still russian national dress but english is now their mother tongue . for growing up in a russian village but. not as much russian i think or the
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time. i. played which. the new wave of settlers who moved to alaska during the last decade. changed in comparison with the eighteenth century the majority preferred. city rather than. out of the cities three hundred thousand strong population five thousand are migrants from russia. situated in. this perfect english hides his true. he was born in the town of.
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children of the russians who came here and nine hundred eighty nine nine hundred ninety s. are about twenty years old now just some of this russian generation has grown up in alaska they speak very good english and understand spoken russian it is indeed a new generation of music. there's a place where everybody's going. to be. different places. but the new russia have taken the him like lines close to the. russians don't see themselves as. they see themselves as. the traveler is among them. once
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again they will retrace the steps of earlier. to go through a strenuous course of training before the second expedition they intend to use the same gear that the early russian explorers. discover a. we want to know the actual truth and that's why we didn't have a choice of transport. says vin haakanson head of the community of indigenous people. takes a dim view of europeans to make more difficult. to see. as motorboats. thinks giving up the perks of civilization is a foolish thing to do. yet despite embracing the modern era inwardly he still remains committed to the simple principles preached by his ancestors. we were here
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for thousands of years. but you know we didn't have this system of paper saying that we can claim this land because in our philosophy in our worldview. you can own land the land owns you you know how can you say you own that when you're only here for a little bit and then you got it's a whole different philosophy of owning it versus living with it.

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